Dr. King is a citizen of the Nipissing First Nation (Ontario). She is an Internal Medicine Specialist with a focus on HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C (HCV) and HIV/HCV co-infections.
Dr. King had a successful career in web-based software engineering and management before pursuing her passion for medicine. She got her MD at the University of Toronto in 2009, completed her core internal medicine residency at the University of Alberta, and did a general internal medicine fellowship at the University of British Columbia. She taught courses in Indigenous health at Simon Fraser University, where she also mentored the Faculty of Health Sciences in the implementation of their response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action.
In October 2017, Dr. King moved to Saskatoon to become the inaugural Cameco Chair in Indigenous Health and Wellness at the University of Saskatchewan. Her position is endowed by the Royal University Hospital Foundation’s Royal Care Campaign, and included a substantial gift from Cameco and generous support from the University of Saskatchewan, Department of Medicine. She works with Indigenous communities and relevant stakeholders to understand the health and wellness needs of First Nation and Métis people in Saskatchewan and the structural changes required for improved Indigenous health outcomes. She brings leadership skills in culturally safe and responsive research and care, Two-eyed Seeing (bringing together Indigenous and Western worldviews or forms of knowledges) and Ethical Space, which needs to be created when peoples with disparate worldviews are poised to engage with each other. Dr. King also contributes to USask’s decolonization, reconciliation and Indigenization.
As a First Nation physician, Dr. King’s practice is grounded in Indigenous philosophy, with a focus on care for HIV/AIDS, HCV and related conditions, for which First Nation, Inuit, and Métis people bear a disproportionate burden. She is a Principal Investigator on various Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) research grants related to Indigenous people and HIV, HCV and co-infections. Other research interests include Indigenous wellness and Indigenous research ethics. She is re-visioning an Indigenous version of community-based research so it is centred on Indigenous ancestral wisdom and lived experience, and Indigenous research philosophies and methodologies. Similarly, she co-creates intervention research that is grounded in Indigenous epistemology, culture, and wellness.
Dr. King serves on many local, national and international initiatives, including the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Strategy for Patient-oriented Research (SPOR) Patient Engagement and Ethics Working Group, the CIHR HIV/AIDS Community-Based Research Steering Committee, the Canadian Network on Hepatitis C (CanHepC), the International Group on Indigenous Health Measurement, Sanctum Care Group, USask Indigenous Peoples Signature Area Working Group, and the Canadian Indigenous Research Network Against Cancer.
- 2013 – FRCPC (Internal Medicine)
- 2012 - 2013 – General Internal Medicine Fellowship, University of British Columbia
- 2009 - 2012 – Core Internal Medicine Residency, University of Alberta
- 2005 - 2009 – Doctor of Medicine, University of Toronto
- 2002 - 2005 – BSc, Honours (Human Biology and Psychology), University of Toronto
- 1989 - 1994 – BBA, Honours, Magna Cum Laude, (Finance and Economics), St. Francis Xavier University
- Indigenous wellness
- Land- and culture-based healing and research
- Indigenous research ethics
- Indigenous people and HIV, HCV and co-infections
- Health system and service transformation (peer navigation/support, shared models of care)
Alexandra teaches Indigenous health and has mentored former and current students at both the undergraduate and graduate levels at both Simon Fraser University and the University of Saskatchewan, focussing on wellness intervention research with Indigenous people in the areas of land-based healing, health determinants, mental health and addictions, blood-borne and sexually transmitted infections, and justice health (prisoner health).
- HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C (HCV) and HIV/HCV co-infections
- Research Interests
King, M and King, A. “Chapter 6 - Fostering Support for Indigenous Adolescents Facing Health Inequities” in Supporting Children and Families Vulnerable to Health Inequities in Canada. Ed. Miriam Stewart. Toronto. University of Toronto Press. In press.
Fayed S, King A. In the eyes of Indigenous people in Canada: exposing the underlying colonial etiology of hepatitis C and the imperative for trauma-informed care. CATIE Blog. http://blog.catie.ca/2019/04/15/in-the-eyes-of-indigenous-people-the-link-between-colonialism-and-hepatitis-c-and-the-need-for-historic-trauma-informed-care/ April 2019.
Fayed S, King M, Macklin C, Demeria J, Rabbitskin N, Healy B, Gonzales S, King A. In the eyes of Indigenous people in Canada: exposing the underlying colonial etiology of Hepatitis C and the imperative for trauma – informed care. Canadian Liver Journal. Vol. 1, October 2018.
Krementz D, Macklin C, Fleming T, Kafeety A, Nicholson V, Laframboise S, King M, King A. Connections with the land: a scoping review on cultural wellness retreats as health interventions for Indigenous peoples living with HIV and/or hepatitis C. ab-Original: Journal of Indigenous Studies and First Nations and First Peoples' Cultures. Vol. 2, 2018.
Jull J, King A, King M, Morton Ninomiya ME, Jacklin K, Moody-Corbett P, Graham ID. A principled approach to research conducted with Inuit, Métis and First Nations peoples: promoting engagement inspired by the CIHR Guidelines Involving Aboriginal People. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. Accepted for publication.
Dubois-Flynn G, Fernandez N, McDonald M, King A, Miller J, Rosenes R, Willison D, Woods C. CIHR - Draft ethics guidance on developing research partnerships with patients. Will be posted on CIHR's SPOR web portal. Under review – 2018.
Macklin C, King M, Kallos A, Jinkerson-Brass S, Laframboise S-L, Masching R, Prentice T, King A. Water Journey: methods for exploring the research priorities for Indigenous peoples in Canada and hepatitis C. Canadian Journal of Aboriginal Community-Based HIV/AIDS Research, Vol 8, December 2017.
Macklin C, King M, Kallos A, Jinkerson-Brass S, Laframbiose S-L, Masching R, Prentice T, King A. Community-directed research priorities for Indigenous peoples in Canada and hepatitis C: a scoping review. Canadian Journal of Aboriginal Community-Based HIV/AIDS Research, Vol 8, December 2017.
Kallos A, Macklin C, King M, Jinkerson-Brass S, Laframbiose S-L, Masching R, Prentice T, King A. Water Journey: emerging themes for research priorities for Indigenous peoples in Canada and hepatitis C. Canadian Journal of Aboriginal Community-Based HIV/AIDS Research, Vol 8, December 2017.
Van Buuren N, Fradette L, Grebely J, Krajden M, MacParland SA, Marshall A, Saeed SM, Wilson J, Klein MB ,Sagan S and King A. The 5th Canadian Symposium on Hepatitis C Virus: We’re Not Done Yet: Remaining Challenges in Hepatitis C. Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Vol. 2016, August 2016.
Anderson I, Robson B, Connolly M, Al-Yaman F, Bjertness E, King A, Tynan M, Madden R; many others. Indigenous and Tribal Health - The Lancet Lowitja Institute Global Collaboration. The Lancet, Vol 388(10040), July 2016.
Milloy M-J, King A, Kerr T, Adams E, Samji H, Guillemi S, Montaner J, Woods E. Improvements in HIV/AIDS treatment outcomes among Indigenous and non-Indigenous people who use illicit drugs in a Canadian setting. Journal of the International AIDS Society, Vol 19(1), April 2016.
King A, King M. Chapter 32: Training Practitioners in Indigenous Health. in Menzies P, ed. Working with Aboriginal Peoples with Mental Health and Addiction Problems: A Guide for Health, Justice and Social Service Professionals. CAMH Publications, June 2014.
King M, Smith A, King M.E. Chapter 22: Youth - Education and Language. First Nations 3rd Regional Longitudinal Health Survey. First Nations Information Governance Centre, Ottawa, May 2012.
King M, Smith A, Gracey M. Indigenous Health part 2: The Underlying Causes of the Health Gap. The Lancet, Vol 374: 9683, July 2009.