Picture of Dr. Nazeem Muhajarine

Dr. Nazeem Muhajarine Faculty, Community Health and Epidemiology

Research Areas

  • Social epidemiology
  • Population health intervention
  • Maternal and child health
  • Health and place
  • Community-university research collaborations

About Dr. Nazeem Muhajarine

A.B.  Psychobiology, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio, U.S.A.
M.Sc. Epidemiology, School of Public and Population Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
Ph.D.  Interdisciplinary: Social epidemiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.
Postdoctoral fellow, Population Health, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CiFAR), Sept 1994 – Dec 1996.

Graduate Program Chair, Community Health and Epidemiology, January 2017 - present;
Director, Saskatchewan Population Health and Evaluation Research Unit;
Founding member, Community-University Institute for Social Research

Over the past two decades, Dr. Nazeem Muhajarine has established an exemplary record of research, teaching and mentorship, and service. Working with citizens, policy makers and like-minded researchers, he tirelessly leads innovative projects that have profound impacts on a range of stakeholders. His motto, ‘Think Globally, Act Locally,’ guides his research and has led him to focus, largely, on projects that locally address widespread social issues – such as how income-based social inequality can affect health.

Dr. Muhajarine’s projects—such as examining how childrens’ social constructs affect them in early life, or identifying major risks during the prenatal period—often bring together a diverse range of academics and off-campus partners to tackle complex, longitudinal studies on socially-pressing issues. Involving decision-makers early and often is a central tenet of his research process and, in doing so, he ensures his research is beneficial to and addresses questions posed by all affected parties.

In total, Dr. Muhajarine has been involved – often as the Principal Investigator – on more than 80 grants and contracts throughout his career. His research programs have attracted millions of dollars from a wide range of funding agencies, including CIHR, SHRF, Grand Challenges Canada, SSHRC, Heart and Stroke, IDRC, and DFATD.

These studies have resulted in a prolific and diverse body of publications. He has published more than 115 papers in refereed journals, penned 13 peer-reviewed books and chapters in books and has written more than 70 technical reports for a wide range of agencies. For example, Dr. Muhajarine took a major role nationally in his work for the Canadian Index of Wellbeing (CIW), which offers an alternate measure to GDP. He sat on the CIW’s research advisory board for many years, and co-authored the Healthy Populations report (2010) that was released as part of the Index of Wellbeing’s inaugural report.

Dr Muhajarine is also a highly regarded academic leader. At the U of S, he served for two terms as the department head of community health and epidemiology, and was recently was asked to lead the School of Public Health during a transition. Early in his career, he was also instrumental in establishing two highly-successful research units of national significance—the Saskatchewan Population Health and Evaluation Research Unit and the Community-University Institute for Social Research. Currently, he is leading a 38-member Saskatchewan Strategy for Patient-Oriented Research (SPOR) Network in Primary and Integrated Health Care Innovations. In the global health arena, he is leading a U of S submission to continue Canada’s work in Mozambique, focusing on reducing maternal mortality and improving infant health.

He is an exemplary mentor, having supervised 4 post-doctoral fellows, 14 Ph.D. students, 36 Masters students, and 4 undergraduate summer students. He also has sat on the committees of more than 30 others. He is the recipient of multiple awards, including U of Massachusetts’ 2014 Alumni Award for Significant Contributions to his field, the Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation’s Achievement Award (2009) and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research’s (CIHR) Knowledge Translation Award (2006).

Selected Publications

(Names with an asterisk represent students, PDFs or other personnel supervised by Muhajarine.)  The information below is for the last 5 years.

Books and Chapters in Books, Peer Reviewed

2016

  • Paul T, Stanley K, Osgood N, Bell S, Muhajarine N. Scaling Behavior of Human Mobility Distributions. In: Miller J, O'Sullivan D, Wiegand N. (eds), Geographic Information Science. 2016. p. 145-159.

2014

  • Macqueen Smith F,* Muhajarine N, Delanoy S. Knowledge translation strategies in community based research: Our decision-maker-based approach. In: Jeffery B, Findlay IM, Martz D, Clarke L. Journeys in Community-Based Research. Journeys in Community-Based Research. Regina: University of Regina Press, p. 149-162.
  • Shan H,* Muhajarine N, Loptson K.. (2014). Tripartite collaborations and challenges: Reflecting on the research process of a participatory program evaluation. In: Jeffery B, Findlay IM, Martz D, Clarke L. Journeys in Community-Based Research. Regina: University of Regina Press, p. 122-136.
  • Bandara T,* Muhajarine N. Neighbourhood design and quality of life in Saskatoon. In: Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. 2014. p. 4318-4324.
  • Muhajarine N. Health inequities. In: Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. 2014. p. 2725-2730.
  • Muhajarine N. Health determinants. In: Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. 2014. p. 2717-2720.
  • Muhajarine N. Early childhood development. In: Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. 2014. p. 1735-1739.

Journal Articles, Peer Reviewed

2018

  • McRae D, Janssen P, Vedam S, Mayhew M, Mopufo D, Teucher U, Muhajarine N. Reduced prevalence of small-for-gestational-age and preterm birth for women of low socioeconomic position: a population-based cohort study comparing antenatal midwifery and physician models of care. BMJ Open, accepted on May 21, 2018.
  • Ahmed A, Feng C, Bowen A, Muhajarine N. Latent Trajectory Groups of Perinatal Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms from Pregnancy to Early Postpartum and their Antenatal Risk Factors. Archives of Women's Mental Health, accepted on Feb 17, 2018.
  • Ward S, Froehlich Chow A, Humbert L, Belanger M, Muhajarine N, Vatanprasat H, Leis A. Promoting physical activity, healthy eating and gross motor skills development among preschoolers attending childcare centers: Process evaluation of the Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention using the RE-AIM framework. Evaluation and Program Planning, First online publication, Feb 14, 2018. doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2018.02.005
  • Barbour-Tuck E, Erlandson M, Muhajarine N, Foulds H, Baxter-Jones A. Longitudinal patterns in BMI and percent total body fat from peak height velocity through emerging adulthood into young adulthood. American Journal of Human Biology. 2018 Jan. Epub 2018 Jan 25. DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.23056.
  • Barbour-Tuck E, Erlandson M, Muhajarine N, Foulds H, Baxter-Jones A. Influence of Childhood and Adolescent Fat Development on Fat Mass Accrual During Emerging Adulthood: A 20-Year Longitudinal Study. Obesity. 2018 Jan. Epub 2018 Jan 26. doi:10.1002/oby.22111.

2017

  • Rasul S, Bowen A, Muhajarine N. Factors That Moderate or Mediate Pregnancy Complications in Women with Anxiety and Depression. J Preg Child Health 2017; 4(Dec): 360. doi:10.4172/2376-127X.1000360
  • Rachel Engler-Stringer R, Schaefer J, Ridalls T, Muhajarine N. Lessons Learned From a Food Environment Intervention Study: Recruitment and Retention of Participants in Disadvantaged Urban Inner-City Neighborhoods. Health Education & Behavior 2017;Nov 16 https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198117740612
  • Hudon C, Chounaird M-C, Aubrey-Brassler K, Muhajarine N, Burge F, Pluye P, et al. BMJ Open. Case management in primary care among frequent users healthcare services with chronic conditions: protocol of a realist synthesis. 2017 Jun;7:e017701(9). Epub 2017  Jun. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2017-017701 .
  • Abeykoon H,* Engler-Stringer R, Muhajarine N. Health-Related Outcomes of New Grocery Store Interventions: A Systematic Review. Public Health Nutrition 2017 Apr. doi: 10.1017/s1368980017000933. .
  • Minh A,* Muhajarine N, Janus M, Brownell M, Guhn M. Review of Neighborhood Effects and Early Child Development: How, where, and for whom, do neighborhoods matter? Health and Place 2017;46:155-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.012 .
  • Webb S, Janus M, Duku E, Raos R, Brownel M, Forer B, Guhn M, Muhajarine N. Neighbourhood socioeconomic status indices and early childhood development.. SSM - Population Health. 2017 Jan;3:48-56. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.11.006.
  • Ward S,* Bélanger M, Donovan D, Vatanparast H, Muhajarine N, Engler-Stringer R, Leis A, Humbert L, Carrier N. Association between childcare educators’ practices and preschoolers’ physical activity and dietary intake. BMJ Open May;7(e013657). Epub 2017 May. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013657
  • Stéphanie Ward,* Mathieu Bélanger, Denise Donovan, Jonathan Boudreaud, Hassan Vatanparast, Nazeem Muhajarine, Anne Leis, M Louise Humbert, Natalie Carrier. “Monkey see, monkey do”: Peers' behaviors predict preschoolers' physical activity and dietary intake in childcare centers. Preventive Medicine 2017;97: 33-39.
  • Nazmi Sari, Nazeem Muhajarine, Amanda Froehlich Chow. The Saskatchewan/New Brunswick Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention: implementation cost estimates of a physical activity and healthy eating intervention in early learning centers. BMC Health Services Research 2017;(Feb)17: 57.

2016

  • Fuller D, Engler-Stringer R, Muhajarine N. Retail food environments research: Promising future with more work to be done. Can J Public Health 2016;107: es68-es70.
  • Hudon C, Chouinard M-D, Aubrey-Bassler K, Bush P, Muhajarine N, Pluye P, Lambert M, Tchala H, Zomahoun V, Boulianne D, Légaré F. Effective interventions targeting frequent users of health care and social services with chronic conditions in primary care: a systematic mixed studies review. PROSPERO 2016.
  • Muhajarine N, Sari N, Froehlich Chow A, Abeykoon H.* Are community interventions to increase physical activity and improve physical literacy and healthy eating in 3-5 year-old children cost-beneficial?. PROSPERO 2016. 2016 Jul;CRD42016043247. Epub 2016 Jul.  http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/display_record.asp?ID=CRD42016043247.
  • Katapally TR,* Rainham D, Muhajarine N. The Influence of Weather Variation, Urban Design and Built Environment on Objectively Measured Sedentary Behaviour in Children. AIMS Public Health 2016;3(4): 663-681.
  • Barbour-Tuck E, Erlandson EA, Muhajarine N, Foulds H, Baxter-Jones ADJ. Longitudinal patterns in BMI and percent total body fat from peak height velocity through emerging adulthood into young adulthood: The Pediatric Bone Mineral Accrual Study. AmericanJournal of Human Biology. 2016 Sep;e23056. DOI -10.1002/ajhb.23056.
  • Vu LTH, Nguyen NTK, Tran HTD, Muhajarine N. mHealth information for migrants: an e-health intervention for internal migrants in Vietnam. Reproductive Health 2016;13: 55.
  • Amanda Froehlich Chow,* Anne Leis, Louise Humbert, Nazeem Muhajarine, Rachel Engler-Stringer. Healthy Start – Départ Santé: A pilot study of a multilevel intervention to increase physical activity, fundamental movement skills and healthy eating in rural childcare centres. Can J Public Health 2016;107(3): e312-e318.
  • Guhn M, Janus M, Enns J, Brownell M, Forer B, Duku E, Muhajarine N, Raos R. Examining the Social Determinants of Children’s Developmental Health: Protocol for Building a Pan-Canadian Population-Based Monitoring System for Early Childhood Development. BMJ Open. 2016;6: e012020.
  • Le H,* Engler-Stringer R, Muhajarine N. Retail Food Environ Suppl] Walkable home neighbourhood food environment and children’s overweight and obesity: Proximity, density or price? Canadian J Public Health 2016;107: eS42-eS47.
  • Engler-Stringer R, Muhajarine N, Ridalls T, Abonyi S, Vatanparast H, Whiting S, Walker R. The Good Food Junction: A Community-Based Food Store Intervention to Address Nutritional Health Inequities. JMIR: Research Protocols 2016;14;5(2): e52.
  • McRae D,* Muhajarine N, Stoll K, Mayhew M, Vedam S, Mpofu D, Jansen P. Is Model of Care Associated with Infant Birth Outcomes Among Vulnerable Women? A Scoping Review of Midwifery-Led versus Physician-Led Care. SSM - Population Health 2016;2:182-193.
  • Katapally TR,* Rainham D, Muhajarine N. A methodology to leverage cross-sectional accelerometry to capture weather’s influence in active living research. Canadian J Public Health 2016;107(1): e30-e36.
  • Winquist B,* Muhajarine N, Ogle K, Mpofu D, Lehotay D, Teare G. Prenatal screening, diagnosis, and termination of pregnancy in First Nations and rural women. Prenatal Diagnosis 2016;36: 1-9.
  • Bélanger M, Humbert L, Vatanparast H, Ward S, Muhajarine N, Froehlich Chow A, Engler-Stringer R, Donovan D, Carrier N, Leis A. A multilevel intervention to increase physical activity and improve healthy eating attending early childcare centres: the Healthy Start-Départ Santé cluster randomised controlled trial study protocol. BMC Public Health 2016;16: 313.
  • Muhajarine N, Findlay IM. “Meeting of minds and heart”: Quality of life research and community-engaged scholarship. [Guest Editorial]. Engaged Scholar Journal 2016;2:7-12.
  • Lu PH,* del Canto S,* Muhajarine N, Kitchen P, Newbold B, Randall J, Williams A, Wilson K. Integrating into Prairie life: The experiences of recent and established immigrants from Asia in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Engaged Scholar Journal 2016;2:131-148.
  • Cheng J,* Muhajarine N, McMullen L, Dunlop A. Measuring capacity for community-engaged scholarship: Results from an institutional self-assessment at the University of Saskatchewan. Engaged Scholar Journal 2016;2:197-214.
  • Hundert AS, Huguet A, Green CR, Hewitt AJ, Mushquash C, Muhajarine N, Sourander A, Caughey H, Lingley-Pottie P, McGrath PJ, Reynolds JN. Usability testing of an Internet-based psychoeducation intervention for caregivers of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology 2016;23: e60-e76.
  • Holden B, Muhajarine N. Quality of life research in Saskatoon, Canada: Fifteen years of co-creating knowledge and taking action in the community. Engaged Scholar Journal 2016;2:189-196.
  • Nazeem Muhajarine. Conversation with Bryan Smale. Engaged Scholar Journal 2016;2: 221-228.
  • Williams-Roberts H,* Jeffery B, Johnson S, Muhajarine N. The Effectiveness of Healthy Community Approaches on Positive Health Outcomes in Canada and the United States. Social Sciences. 2016;5(3); doi:10.3390/socsci5010003

2015

  • Katapally TR,* Muhajarine N. Factoring in weather variation to capture the influence of urban design and built environment on globally recommended levels of moderate to vigorous physical activity in children. BMJ Open 2015;5: e009045. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009045.
  • Fuller D, Engler-Stringer R, Muhajarine N. Examining food purchasing patterns from sales data at a full-service grocery store intervention in a former food desert. Preventive Medicine Reports 2015;2:164–169. doi:10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.02.012
  • Williams A, Kitchen P, Randall J, Muhajarine N, Newbold B, Gallina M, Wilson K. Immigrant's Perceptions of Quality of Life in Three Second- or Third-Tier Canadian Cities. The Canadian Geographer 2015;59(4):489-503.
  • Turner K, Reynolds JN, McGrath P, Lingley-Pottie P, Huguet A, Hewitt A, Green C, Wozney L, Mushquash C, Muhajarine N, Sourander A, Caughey H, Roane J. Guided Internet-Based Parent Training for Challenging Behavior in Children With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (Strongest Families FASD): Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Res Protocol 2015; 4(4): e112 DOI: 10.2196/resprot.4723
  • Wang J, Engler-Stringer R, Muhajarine N. Assessing the Consumer Food Environment in Restaurants by Neighbourhood Distress Level across Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research e-First Article: pp. 1-8; doi: 10.3148/cjdpr-2015-031.
  • Williams A, Kitchen P, Randall J, Muhajarine N, Newbold B, Gallina M, Wilson K. Immigrant's Perceptions of Quality of Life in Three Second- or Third-Tier Canadian Cities. The Canadian Geographer First published online: 27 OCT 2015; DOI: 10.1111/cag.12221.
  • Lu PH,* del Canto S, Muhajarine N, Newbold B, Randall J, Williams A, Wilson K. Integrating into Prairie life: The experiences of recent and established immigrants from Asia in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Engaged Scholar Journal 2015;2.
  • Cheng J,* Muhajarine N, McMullen L, Dunlop A. Measuring capacity for community-engaged scholarship: Results from an institutional self-assessment at the University of Saskatchewan. Engaged Scholar Journal 2015:2.
  • Katapally TR,* Muhajarine N. Factoring in weather variation to capture the influence of urban design and built environment on globally recommended levels of moderate to vigorous physical activity in children. 2015, October, BMJ Open.
  • Turner K, Reynolds JN, McGrath P, Lingley-Pottie P, Huguet A, Hewitt A, Green C, Wozney L, Mushquash C, Muhajarine N, Sourander A, Caughey H, Roane J. Guided Internet-Based Parent Training for Challenging Behavior in Children With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (Strongest Families FASD): Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Res Protocol 2015;October. DOI: 10.2196/resprot.4723
  • Katapally TR,* Muhajarine N. Capturing the Interrelationship between Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour in Children in the Context of Diverse Environmental Exposures. International J Environmental Research Public Health 2015, 12, 10995-11011; doi:10.3390/ijerph120910995
  • Schwartz L,* Bowen A, Muhajarine N. The Effects of Episodic Versus Continuous and Major Versus Mild Depression and Anxiety Symptoms on Pregnancy and Labour Complications. Archives of Depression and Anxiety 2015;1(1); 010-018.
  • Li H, Bowen A, Szafron M, Moraros J, Muhajarine N. Maternal mental health: a shared care approach. Primary Health Care Research & Development 2015;1: 1-9. DOI:10.1017/S146342361500033X
  • Froehlich-Chow A, Leis A, Humbert L, Muhajarine N. Supporting Healthy Eating Among Rural Early Years Children: A Pulse Crop Pilot Intervention. Journal of Agromedicine 2015;20(3): 383-389.
  • Lotoski L,* Engler-Stringer R, Muhajarine N. Cross-sectional analysis of a community-based cooperative grocery store intervention in Saskatoon, Canada. Canadian J Public Health. Accepted on January 15, 2015.

2014

  • Rahman K,* Bowen A, Muhajarine N. Examining the factors that moderate and mediate the effects on depression during pregnancy and postpartum. Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health. doi:10.4172/2376-127X.1000116
  • Engler-Stringer R, Shah TI,* Bell S, Muhajarine N. Geographic access to healthy and unhealthy food sources for children in neighbourhoods and from elementary schools in a mid-sized Canadian city. Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology. 2014 Aug:23-32.
  • Randall JE, Kitchen P, Muhajarine N, Newbold B, Williams A, Wilson K. Immigrants, islandness and perceptions of quality-of-life on Prince Edward Island, Canada. Island Studies Journal. 2014 Jun;9(2):343-362.
  • Katapally T,* Muhajarine N. Towards uniform accelerometry analysis: A standardization methodology to minimize measurement bias due to systematic accelerometer wear-time variation. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2014 May;13:379-386.
  • Engler-Stringer R, Le H,* Gerrard A, Muhajarine N. The community and consumer food environment and children’s diet: A systematic review. BMC Public Health. 2014 May;14:522.
  • Bell E, Rasmussen LA, Mazer B, Shevell M, Miller SR, Synnes A, Yager JY, Majnemer A, Muhajarine N, Chouinard I, Racine E. MRI and prognostication in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic injury: A vignette based study of Canadian specialty physicians. Journal of Child Neurology. February 2015; vol. 30, 2: pp. 174-181., first published on May 1, 2014.
  • Green CR, Roane J, Hewitt A, Muhajarine N, Mushquash C, Caughey H, Sourander A, McGrath P, Reynolds JN. Frequent behavioural challenges in children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A needs-based assessment reported by caregivers and clinicians. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. First published online in 2014 May.

2013

  • Bowen A, Duncan V, Peacock S, Bowen R, Schwartz L, Campbell D, Muhajarine N. Mood and anxiety problems in perinatal Indigenous women in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the United States: A critical review of the literature. Transcultural Psychiatry Epub 2013 Sep 19; 2014;51(1). doi:10.1177/1363461513501712
  • Turnbull H,* Loptson K,* Muhajarine N. Experiences of housing insecurity among participants of an early childhood intervention programme. Child: Care, Health & Development. Published online(Aug 5, 2013). Epub 2013 Aug.
  • Peacock S,* Konrad S,* Watson E, Nickel D, Muhajarine N. Effectiveness of home visiting programs on child outcomes: A systematic review. BMC Public Health. 2013 Jan 9;1313(17). Published online 2013 Jan. Epub 2013 Jan 9.
  • Kramer A, Bowen A, Stewart N, Muhajarine N. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: Prevalence, severity and relation to psychosocial health. MCN, The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing. 2013 Jan;38:3-9.
  • Jin S,* Muhajarine N, Cushon J, Lim H. Factors associated with childhood depression in Saskatoon students: A multilevel analysis. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health. 2013 Jan;32:29-42.

Technical Reports Relevant to Academic Field

2016

  • Sari N, Muhajarine N, Froehlich Chow A.* (2016). Implementation Cost of the Saskatchewan/New Brunswick Healthy Start-Départ Santé Intervention: A first phase analysis of a social return on investment, submitted to Public Health Agency of Canada, 38 pages.
  • Muhajarine N, Abeykoon H*, Froehlich Chow A*, Sari N. Cost effectiveness of community-based interventions in institutional settings to increase physical activity and improve healthy eating among pre- and primary-school children: A systematic review. Submitted to Reseau, Saskatoon, SK.

2014

  • Jeffery B, Muhajarine N, Williams-Roberts H, Johnson S. The Effectiveness of Healthy Community Approaches on Positive Health Outcomes in North America. Literature Review. Submitted to Public Health Agency of Canada, 32 pages.
  • Muhajarine N, Green K, Sivajohanathan D, Babu Chelladurai S, Todd T. (2014). Evaluation of the Government of Saskatchewan’s FASD-Related Services: Cognitive Disabilities Consultants and Community-Based Support Programs. Saskatchewan Population Health and Evaluation Research Unit, 123 pp.
  • Engler Stringer R, Muhajarine N and Smart Cities, Healthy Kids research team. (2014). Food Environment Profile for Saskatoon Elementary Schools. Saskatchewan Population Health and Evaluation Research Unit, 89 pages.
  • Muhajarine N, Tunison S, Engler-Stringer R, Vatanparast H, Sivajohanathan D, Boateng P, Chu LM. (2014). Food For Thought Nutrition Program Saskatoon. Saskatchewan Population Health and Evaluation Research Unit, 8 pages.

2013

  • Engler-Stringer R, Muhajarine N, Le H, del Canto S, Ridalls T. (2013). Characterizing the Food Environment in Saskatoon for Families with Children: Research Methods and Descriptive Results. Saskatchewan Population Health and Evaluation Research Unit. Funding Sources: Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) - 106643
  • Muhajarine N, Sivajohanathan D. Saskatchewan Alliance for Youth and Community Well-Being: An environmental scan report on youth health surveys in Saskatchewan. Saskatchewan Population Health and Evaluation Research Unit; 27 p.