Purpose: Provide guidelines to foster research by residents in the residency training programs.
Scope: This policy applies to all learners and residency training programs in postgraduate medical education setting.
Background: During residency training, research is required as per accreditation standards and objectives of training in both specialty training (RCPSC) and Family Medicine (CFPC) and programs. The CFPC Red Book elaborates on this requirement in its section on Scholarly Activity.
1. The relevant B standards (CFPC & RCPSC) include:
a. Research by Residents:
i. Std. B 6.4 The program must be able to demonstrate that residents are able to conduct a scholarly project.
ii. Std. B 6.5 Residents should be encouraged to participate in research during the course of the residency program. This could include research in basic science, experimental medicine, clinical medicine, epidemiology, quality assurance, medical education, ethics, or some other research aligned with health care.
iii. Std. B 6.6 The program must provide opportunities for residents to attend conferences outside their own university.
b. Research infrastructure support and environment.
i. Std. B 1.5 There must be an identified faculty member to oversee involvement of residents in research and other scholarly work, aided by a sufficient number of faculty members with the responsibility to facilitate and supervise this involvement.
ii. Std. B 1.6 There must be an environment of inquiry and scholarship in the program. There must be a satisfactory level of research and scholarly activity must be maintained among the faculty identified with the program, as evidenced by: peer-reviewed research funding; publication of original research in peer-reviewed journals and/or publication of review articles or textbook chapters; involvement by faculty and residents in current research projects; recognized innovation in medical education, clinical care or medical administration.
2. The objectives of training (OTRs) in each specialty discipline (RCPSC) elaborate on research requirements specific to that discipline. Resident involvement in research projects is described in the Scholarly Activity section of the CFPC Red Book (page 23, 2013 edition).
3. The University of Saskatchewan PGME strategic plan (2012-2016) includes a specific section on Resident research and an increase in research by residents.
4. Research by residents may include, but not limited to: basic science, clinical research, translational research, experimental medicine, epidemiology, health services, quality improvement and assurance, and medical education etc.
Statement of Policy
1. The College of Medicine, PGME is committed to compliance with accreditation standards related to resident research, and foster resident research beyond minimal accreditation standards.
2. Each residency training program will achieve the following:
a. Ensure a Faculty Research Coordinator responsible for facilitating the involvement of residents in research
i. The Resident Research Coordinator will provide reports to the Residency Program Committee on a periodic basis
ii. The Resident Research Coordinator will work in collaboration with the Department Head to ensure sufficient faculty members are available to supervise resident research. This would involve providing faculty with sufficient time and support for these activities
b. The Department Head will ensure a satisfactory level of research in the Department among the faculty members evidenced by:
i. A satisfactory level of research funding (to include peer-reviewed and/or non-peer reviewed internal and/or external funding)
ii. A satisfactory level of peer reviewed publications (to include publications, abstracts and conference presentations)
c. Demonstrate effective teaching/learning in critical appraisal, research design and methodology, biostatistics
d. Provide sufficient time and support to residents to pursue and present research work.
1. Structured teaching must be offered in critical appraisal, research design and methodology, and statistics either with in the residency training programs or centrally through the PGME office.
2. There must be a mechanism to facilitate contact, collaboration between the residents and departmental faculty members to facilitate resident involvement in research.
3. There should be support either within the programs or centrally through the College to facilitate resident research by assisting residents with: research grant applications, ethics approval applications, study design and analysis, manuscript preparation (abstracts and manuscripts for publication) and research project collaborations and interdisciplinary / inter-professional research.
4. Residency Programs will regularly assess their residents’ satisfaction with the availability and variety of research opportunities and their ability to be involved in scholarly activity.
5. Success of resident research will be evaluated by the following criteria:
a. Participation by faculty and residents in current research projects
b. Presentation of work by faculty and residents at research/ education conferences
c. Participation in recognized innovation in medical education, clinical care or medical administration
d. Publication of original research in peer-reviewed journals and/or publication of review articles or textbook chapters by residents and faculty (as authors or co-authors)
e. Peer-reviewed research funding obtained by residents and faculty (as principal or co-applicants)
f. Research awards
6. The PGME Committee will review resident research metrics on an annual basis.
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, General B Standards of Accreditation for Residency Programs, July 2012
College of Family Physicians of Canada, Specific Standards for Family Medicine Residency Programs Accredited by the College of Family Physicians of Canada, Red Book 2013
Policy on Residency Program Research/Scholarly Activity, University of Manitoba.
Approved by the PGME Committee on March 24th, 2016